Start your wormcomposter
The first few weeks of your vermicomposter are crucial for its proper functioning.
We usually start with a minimum of 250 g of worms (which corresponds to at least 500 worms).
With fewer worms but it will take more time for their numbers to be sufficient.
By taking worms in a vermicomposter, a portion of the ecosystem is also removed, including eggs, which will increase the worm population more rapidly.
The worms eat on average half of their weight each day but they do not eat freshly added waste that must be pre-decomposed by the bacteria and microorganisms contained in the environment (brought with the worms).
At startup, it will be necessary to allow time for all these microorganisms to reproduce before adding waste in small quantities.
Preparation of the litter
Litter is the environment in which the life of the ecosystem develops. This is also what is called the contents of the upper bin (with fresh waste, mixture of parpier / cardboard …).
The litter must be moist but well oxygenated and aerated (no compact mass): the litter must have the texture of a wet sponge and do not dribble when pressed.
The litter must be at least 5 cm thick over the entire surface of the tray.
Wet, mix and squeeze everything!
Setting up: When putting worms
To prevent worms from getting into the juice collector (their first reflex will be to visit their new home), you can place a sheet of cardboard in the bottom of the tray. It will let the juice pass and will be decomposed in a few weeks.
To prevent the litter from drying out, place a damp mattress on top. This mattress should always be placed above the waste.
This “mattress” can be a vegetable fiber mattress, a mop, an old T-shirt, sheets of newspaper, …
After 1 week, you can start incorporating finely cut waste in small quantities.
Too much waste in relation to the amount of worms would be detrimental to them. This waste would not be broken down properly and it would ferment which would make the worms fly away and give off a foul odor.
You will be able to increase the quantity of waste as the worms reproduce well. In the first weeks, wait until the first incorporated waste begins to be eaten before adding it.
Increase very gradually the rhythm and doses.
You will reach the cruising speed of your vermicomposter in a few months. During this period, the waste must be gradually added to allow the population of worms to adapt to your peel production.
Wait at least 3 to 4 months before your vermicomposter can accept all of your garbage.
During this start-up phase, be very patient and be very progressive in adding fresh waste.
Starting a worm composter
Alain shows us step by step what to do in detailed videos (week by week).
Depending on your progress, you will find the video that suits you!
Alain Galy created Chaîne du lombricompostage facile on Youtube. His many videos can help you, whatever your level of practice in vermicomposting.